fbpx
Connect with us

Culture

Did You Know: Before 1982, M’sian States Can Start Puasa on Different Dates? Here’s What Changed

Published

Feat Image 1 Ramadan
Source: Kosmo! & Arkib Negara Malaysia

Follow us on Facebook, Youtube, Twitter, and Instagram for the latest stories and updates daily.

As is tradition, Muslims in Malaysia were glued to their TVs yesterday (10 March) to wait for the official announcement by the Keeper of the Rulers’ Seal Tan Sri Syed Danial Syed Ahmad on the first day of Ramadan in our country.

Accordingly, Syed Danial announced that Muslims in Malaysia will start fasting on Tuesday (12 March), as per the moon sighting for the start of Ramadan done at 29 locations nationwide.

Screenshot 2024 03 11 At 3.13.04 Pm

Keeper of the rulers’ seal tan sri syed danial syed ahmad

With that in mind, did you know that while Indonesia sets 1 Ramadan on the same day as Malaysia tomorrow, some parts of the country, especially in its Special Region of Yogyakarta, have already started fasting today?

As reported by CNN Indonesia, followers of the Muhammadiyah organisation set the holy month of Ramadan as beginning today, while the Indonesian government set 1 Ramadan as tomorrow. In fact, both have different dates for the start of Ramadan and Syawal almost every year.

Well, did you know that Malaysia also faced the same conundrum previously, whereby before 1982, some states in our country started Ramadan earlier than the rest of Malaysia?

8 Makanan Sahur Yang Bisa Bantu Kamu Tetap Bertenaga Saat Puasa Ramadan

For illustration purposes

It was not until a special ruling on 14 October 1982 that our country standardised the starting dates of Ramadan, Syawal and other important Islamic Hijri Calendar dates for the whole of Malaysia. 

Here’s everything you need to know:

 

How the first day of Ramadan is determined

Image 8

For illustration purposes

Before we delve any further, it’s important to establish how the first day of a new month in the Hijri calendar is determined. 

While the Gregorian calendar uses the solar cycle, the Hijri calendar is determined by the lunar cycle, with days within a month varying from 29 to 30 days.

Furthermore, the start of a new month must coincide with a new lunar cycle or the ‘birth’ of a new moon. In Islamic Jurisprudence, there are 2 schools of thought on this, either a traditionalist or a modernist approach.

Many Muslim scholars believe that a new month begins when the crescent-shaped new moon can be seen by the naked eye. That’s why on the night when the new moon is expected, Falaq Syarie (Islamic astronomy) committees will observe the hilal (the crescent moon), but even a cloudy night might affect this method.

Image 9 1

For illustration purposes

Therefore, in Malaysia, we adopt the rukyah (the sighting of the new moon with the eye after sunset) and hisab (astronomical calculations) in determining the beginning of a new month in the Islamic calendar, known as imkannur rukyah (possibility of sighting).

Both methods, which combine the sunnah (exemplary customs and conducts of the Prophet Muhammad) and scientific calculations have been implemented in our country since 1992.

Image 10 1

For illustration purposes

However, prior to 1992, especially during the 1970s, the best method to determine the first day of Ramadan was a matter of debate among Muslim Scholars in Malaysia after there was a suggestion to move from the rukyah to the rukyah together with the hisab.

In lieu of the above, a special report by Utusan Malaysia (a web archive which can be viewed here) detailed how confusion as to when the actual dates for 1 Ramadan caused the lack of uniformity between Southeast Asian countries and even states in Malaysia.

 

Why the date for 1 Ramadan can be different for different Malaysian states before 1982

103073838 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia May 29 2018 People Seen Exploring And Buying Foods Around The Ramadan

For illustration purposes

One of the reasons why it was possible for the start of Ramadan to vary for different states in Malaysia previously was because Islamic affairs are under the purview of each State. 

Speaking to WORLD OF BUZZ, Luqman Mazlan, partner at Kuala Lumpur-based law firm ADIL Legal, elaborated that Article 3 of the Federal Constitution prescribed Islam as the religion of the Federation and that every state except Melaka, Penang, Sabah and Sarawak would have their respective Ruler as the Head of the religion of Islam. 

Article 3(2) of the Federal Constitution is as follows:

Image 6

Moreover, Article 3(3) of the Federal Constitution prescribed for the Constitutions of the states of Melaka, Penang, Sabah and Sarawak to confer the Yang di-Pertuan Agong as the Head of the religion of Islam in the state. Article 3(5) then established the Yang di-Pertuan Agong as the Head of the religion of Islam in the Federal Territories.

Luqman added that the Federal Constitution further established Islamic Laws as being under the purview of the State as per “List II — State List” of the Ninth Schedule. Hence, given that determining the dates for the Hijri calendar is also part of Islamic religious affairs, the authority to do so is vested with the state Ruler. 

 

The consensus of the Conference of Rulers which standardised the starting date of Ramadan

Screenshot 2024 03 11 At 3.10.51 Pm

The conference of rulers in 1982

With all of that established, Malaysia finally standardised the starting date of Ramadan for the whole country thanks to the consensus of the Conference of Rulers.  

During the 92nd meeting of the Conference on 15 and 16 March 1972 chaired by Sultan Pahang Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu’adzam Shah ibni Almarhum Al-mutasim Billah Abdullah at the Istana Negara, the Malay rulers reached a consensus that the dates for the start of Ramadan, Hari Raya Aidilfitri (1 Syawal) and Hari Raya Aidiladha (10 Dzul Hijjah) to encompass the whole of Malaysia.

According to the official website of the Keeper of the Rulers’ Seal, the first-ever national observation of the crescent-shaped new moon in determining the start of Ramadan was held on 7 October 1972 in Teluk Kemang, Port Dickson in Negeri Sembilan.

Istana Negara 1582455091

For illustration purposes

However, the implementation of this consensus faced a hiccup in 1983 when both Perak and Johor determined the start of Ramadan and Syawal to be one day earlier than other states in Malaysia. Nevertheless, as such never happened again after 1983, with all of the important Hijri dates being uniform across Malaysia.

This was thanks to another decision made by the Conference of Rulers at its 125th meeting on the 13 and 14 October 1982 at the Istana Negara that was chaired by Sultan Kedah Sultan Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah ibni Al-marhum Sultan Badlishah.

Image 11 1

Tan sri syed danial syed ahmad

According to a BERNAMA interview with the current Keeper of the Rulers’ Seal Tan Sri Syed Danial Syed Ahmad in 2014, the Malay rulers reached a consensus for the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to decide on the respective dates so that they could be standardised for the whole of Malaysia.

Commenting on the legal aspect of this consensus, Luqman asserted that this was in line with Article 38(2)(b) of the Federal Constitution below:

Image 7

In the BERNAMA interview, Syed Danial said that since 1983, the dates for the start of Ramadan have been standardised and announced by the Keeper of the Rulers’ Seal on RTM, including the one done by Syed Danial himself yesterday.

So, what do you guys think of the history behind Malaysia standardising the start of Ramadan for the whole country? Share your thoughts with us in the comments!

 

Also read: 11 Muslim M’sians Share Methods That Help Them Get Through Fasting During the Month of Ramadan

1 8

Source: Merdeka.com
Source: 123RF
Source: Harian Metro
Source: Sinar Daily

Follow us on Facebook, Youtube, Twitter, and Instagram for the latest stories and updates daily.



Just In

My Post 1 2024 05 28T145839.287 1 My Post 1 2024 05 28T145839.287 1
News11 hours ago

Someone Allegedly Threw a Shopping Trolley from an Apartment in Bangsar, Nearly Hitting a Woman

Imagine standing outside of an apartment building only to look up and see a shopping trolley falling from above towards...

Collage 3 3 Collage 3 3
News13 hours ago

Chef Wan Apologises for Kavadi Remarks on Aishwarya Rai’s Outfit, Says He Was Pointing out Dress Material

Just recently, Malaysian celebrity chef, Chef Wan Ismail surprised many followers with his “Kavadi” remark that was left on a...

My Post 1 2024 05 28T102415.406 My Post 1 2024 05 28T102415.406
News17 hours ago

Former Health DG Explains Why Malaysians Need Not Worry About AstraZeneca Vaccine Side Effects

It was recently announced that AstraZeneca was withdrawing all of their vaccines globally after admitting that their vaccine came with...

My Post 1 2024 05 27T155058.872 My Post 1 2024 05 27T155058.872
News1 day ago

Football Fans Turned Cheras into a Warzone After KL City Lost to JDT Over the Weekend

What do Malaysian football fans do when the team they’re supporting losses a match? They riot, of course. We’ve seen...

Collage 59 Collage 59
News2 days ago

Study: M’sia Ranks 3rd in SEA for Sustainable Growth in the Travel & Tourism Sector Post-Pandemic

The spread of Covid-19 has hit hard especially in tourism industry since there were no travellers. With borders closed and...

Stand In Sun Punishment Stand In Sun Punishment
News2 days ago

M’sian Child Hospitalised After Allegedly Being Punished to Stand in The Sun by Teacher

Given the hot weather nowadays, many measures are being taken to ensure that the children in school can withstand the...

Collage 9 3 Collage 9 3
News3 days ago

“M’sians are never asked to boycott” – NGOs That Aid Palestinians Say KFC is Not on Their Boycott List

With the ongoing boycott movements, you may have a lot of brands on your “boycott list,” but according to BDS...

Feat Image Prosperous Feat Image Prosperous
News3 days ago

Study: Malaysia is Asia’s 6th Most Prosperous Country But Ranks 113th Globally for Personal Freedom

Malaysia has been named the 6th most prosperous country in Asia and 43rd overall globally out of 167 countries and...

Announcement

Latest Videos



TRENDING TODAY