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Here Are The Coalitions and Parties Fighting To Be Malaysia’s Next Government


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Source: Utusan, Info Rakyat, Malaysia Gazette, Harakahdaily, BERNAMA & BERNAMA

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So, you already know who might be Malaysia’s next prime minister. But do you know which political party and coalition they are from? Read on to know more about the coalitions, parties and leaders that may become Malaysia’s next government.

1. Barisan Nasional (BN)

Component parties:

  • United Malays National Organisation (UMNO)
  • Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA)
  • Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC)
  • Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah (PBRS)

Screenshot 2022 11 17 174324


Current prominent leaders:

  • Ahmad Zahid Hamidi (Chairman)
  • Ismail Sabri Yaakob (PM candidate)
  • Wee Ka Siong
  • Najib Razak

Political leaning: Centre-right to right-wing

Having ruled Malaysia since the country’s independence in 1957 to 2018, BN was the longest-ruling coalition in the world.

For over 60 years, no other coalition stood a chance against the powerhouse as Malaysians repeatedly chose the coalition they were familiar with at the polls.

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However, everything changed when the coalition lost their first election in 2018 to Pakatan Harapan (PH). For the first time, BN got a taste of defeat whereas Malaysians felt the possibility of change.

With multiple key players including Zahid Hamidi facing corruption charges and Najib Razak already in jail, the pressure is on for BN to convince the rakyat to vote for them.

2. Pakatan Harapan (PH)

Component parties:

  • People’s Justice Party (PKR)
  • Democratic Action Party (DAP)
  • National Trust Party (Parti Amanah Negara)
  • United Progressive Kinabalu Organisation (UPKO)
  • Malaysian United Democratic Alliance (MUDA) – Allied party

Anwar Ibrahim Pm Candidate


Current prominent leaders:

  • Anwar Ibrahim (Chairman & PM candidate)
  • Syed Saddiq
  • Anthony Loke
  • Mohamad Sabu (Mat Sabu)

Political leaning: Centre-left

Led by well-known politician Mahathir Mohamad, PH made history when it became the first opposition coalition to topple BN in 2018.

However, their victory was short-lived. Having only won 50.9% of the 222 total seats, PH was still in an unstable position.

48 Pencapaian Pakatan Harapan Walaupun Hanya 22 Bulan Jadi Kerajaan.jpg


This proved to be an important factor in their downfall when a few key leaders of the coalition jumped ship when Mahathir resigned. This caused the coalition to lose their majority and surrender.

This time round, Anwar Ibrahim will be leading PH and their allied party, MUDA at the polls.

3. Perikatan Nasional (PN)

Component parties:

  • Malaysian United Indigenous Party (BERSATU)
  • Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS)
  • Malaysian People’s Movement Party (GERAKAN)
  • Homeland Solidarity Party (STAR)
  • Sabah Progressive Party (SAPP)

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Current prominent leaders:

  • Muhyiddin Yassin (Chairman & PM candidate)
  • Ahmad Faizal Azumu (Peja)
  • Rina Harun

Political leaning: Centre-right to ring-wing

PN is the third force going up against BN and PH this GE15. Originally formed from the members of BERSATU who broke off from PH, the members of this coalition are remembered by some as the culprits of 2020’s Sheraton Move.

Perikatan Nasional


Consequently, the coalition’s leader, Muhyiddin Yassin replaced Mahathir to become Malaysia’s 8th prime minister.

4. Gerakan Tanah Air (GTA)

Component parties: 

  • Homeland Fighters’ Party (PEJUANG)
  • Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front (BERJASA)
  • Malaysia Mighty Bumiputera Party (PUTRA)
  • National Muslim Indian Alliance Party (IMAN)

Dr. Mahathir Mohamad Re 3


Current prominent leaders:

  • Mahathir Mohamad (Founder & Chairman)

Political leaning: Centre-right to right-wing

Founded in August 2022, GTA is one of the newest kids on the block. It is an alliance of Malay political parties formed by former two-time Prime Minister of Malaysia Mahathir Mohamad.

Calon Gta


The alliance has zero non-Muslim representation and is promoted by Mahathir himself as “a clean Malay movement opposing corrupt UMNO Malays“.

Analysts believe that although the coalition is unlikely to win, it will further divide voters in an already tight race.

5. Gabungan Parti Sarawak (GPS)

Component parties: 

  • United Bumiputera Heritage Party (PBB)
  • Sarawak Peoples’ Party (PRS)
  • Progressive Democratic Party (PDP)
  • Sarawak United Peoples’ Party (SUPP)

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Current prominent leaders:

  • Abang Johari Openg (Chairman & Founder)

Political leaning: Centre-right to right-wing

The four parties that made up GPS in 2018 were former component parties of BN.

They split to form their own coalition so that they can focus on Sarawak’s state interests and rights without the interference of any BN Peninsular and Sabah-based parties.

Screenshot 2022 11 17 175420


The coalition also worked with PN in 2020 to form a government and remains a political opponent to PH.

6. Gabungan Rakyat Sabah (GRS)

Component parties:

  • Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS)
  • BERSATU Sabah
  • Sabah Progressive Party (SAPP)
  • United Sabah National Organisation (USNO)
  • Homeland Solidarity Party (STAR)

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Current prominent leaders:

  • Hajiji Noor (Chairman)
  • Muhyiddin Yassin (Founder)

Political leaning: Centre-right to right-wing

GRS is a coalition made up almost entirely of Sabah parties except for one national party, the Homeland Solidarity Party (STAR).

Screenshot 2022 11 17 175810


It is collaborating with BN for the upcoming general elections.

Other notable parties contesting without a coalition are Parti Bangsa Malaysia (PBM), Parti Sosialis Malaysia (PSM) and WARISAN.


While the information in this article is not exhaustive, hopefully it helped clarify things a little. Do conduct your own research and happy voting!


Also read: Get To Know The 5 Candidates Competing to Be Malaysia’s 10th Prime Minister

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Source: Utusan
Source: SelangorKini
Source: Info Rakyat
Source: CNA
Source: Harakahdaily
Source: Utusan
Source: Kosmo!
Source: Astro Awani

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